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The Condition of the Autism Spectrum (ASC)

Autism is no longer considered a disease but a condition of neurodevelopment, a neuroatypicality or a particular way of processing cognitive, emotional and social information.

Currently, three levels of Autism are identified, which indicate the degree of need for assistance that the person needs:

level 1 = low need for assistance

level 2 = medium need for assistance

level 3 = high need for assistance

This section of the site is aimed at children with level 2 or 3.

Autism is a neuroatypicity or a  way of functioning of the mind different from that of the majority of people, which can express itself in enormously different ways from one individual to another and therefore within this definition there can be people with severe cognitive impairment, people with mild impairments and people with intelligence within the norm or even above average. All of them, despite their individuality and different degree of severity, are united by difficulties concerning the communication of even simple basic needs, emotional sharing , and understanding of social and environmental rules .

Typical symptoms are present from early childhood even if they can lessen over time and the set of symptoms must compromise daily functioning.


The diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder is never instrumental but exclusively behavioral and must be made on the basis of the criteria of DSM 5 and ICD-10, INDEPENDENTLY of the presence or absence of an associated medical condition or the presence or absence of mental retardation. .

According to DSM 5 (i.e. the most recent version of the diagnostic manual used internationally by all mental health specialists) autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that mainly involves two areas:

A) language, communication and social interaction

B) narrow and stereotyped interests.

More specifically, people who have an internal functioning of the Autism Spectrum can have all or some of the following characteristics:

  • Sensory hypersensitivity (visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile)

  • Abnormal or poorly sustained eye contact (or having developed strategies to mimic it over time)

  • Poor coordination, motor clumsiness, or motor disorganization

  • Presence of repetitive and stereotyped movements, phrases and / or use of parts of objects

  • Rigidity of interests, presence of special and absorbing, almost exclusive interests, which can however turn into strengths

  • Adherence to rigid routines or in any case important difficulties in transitions or changes

  • Outstanding visual and episodic memory  

  • Tendency to dwell on details at the expense of the overall vision

  • Difficulty understanding mimicry, gestures and in general all non-verbal communication

  • Low desire for social contacts and a tendency towards isolation or difficulty in maintaining friendships, social awkwardness

  • Difficulty understanding and describing one's own and others' emotions

  • Strong sense of justice and adherence to the rules


But be careful: autistic people are not lacking in empathy! They simply do not always have the means to express it or they do it in ways other than those of neurotypical people.

It is good practice to consult a specialist when your child:

Take the following questionnaire to understand if your son / daughter has typical Autism Spectrum behaviors:

 The EMPATHIE GROUP offers the following intervention proposals for autism: 



By age groups:

- childhood (2-5 years)

- children (6-10 years)

according to the National Guidelines and the DSM-5.

Possibility to carry out intensive evaluations lasting 1 day

for those arriving from outside the region.

Psychoeducational treatment

Following the assessment, a treatment is set up that involves the child / adolescent, his / her parents, the school and specialized educators.

Parent training

Parents of the  autistic children are specifically supported by our psychotherapists.

Parent training both individual and group.

Treatment on communication

and on movement

Logopedic and neuropsychomotor intervention specific for autistic children aged 18 months and over, for the development of intersubjectivity, imitation, symbolic and joint play

and verbal communication.

Both individual and group activities.

The specialists  for autism:


Dr. Valentina



Psychologist and Psychotherapist in training

with DESS-TED:

Canadian specialization for the intervention on  people with spectrum disorders (autism / Asperger's)


Dr. Lucia


Psychologist and Psychotherapist


trained in the intervention with children and adolescents with ASC


Dr. Alessia


Educator trained in the intervention on children and adolescents with ASC

and Psychologist in training


Dr. Francesca Vector

Educator trained in the intervention on children  and adolescents with ASC

and Psychologist in training

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